Most of the people comfort when the environmental temperature is around 20 to 25 degree C. When air temperature or relative humidity is getting higher people to feel uncomfortable, and the body does not quickly adapt to this situation also causes some harm as excessive water loss and frequent thirst. The human body maintains an internal temperature around 37 degrees C so when the external temperature gets higher results, internal body temperature automatically elevated. Elevation in environmental temperature can cause severe damage to our skin, hair, and, internal organ function. Higher than average external body temperature results in excessive sweating through external organs and causes dehydration sometimes.
The body can adapt yourself in little higher temperature as evaporation of sweat from the skin and sometimes exchange through conduction and breathing. In conduction, body gain or lose heat from the other objects when it comes in contact with them. Heat exchanges through conduction and respiration easily ignore the negligible amount of heat. When the external air temperature and humidity rise above the average body temperature, then several adaptation problems arise in the form of irritation, lack of concentration and, many others. The heart rate increases the blood flow in the bloodstream results in excessive water loss.
Illness caused by excessive heat exposure
Heat exposure causes following complications to our health as excessive water loss reduce the ability to do mental as well as physical work and lack of concentration in few cases.
Heat edema is like a general swelling caused due to excessive heat exposure to the body when the body cannot adapt naturally to the environmental condition results in swelling in the limbs. It is not a medical condition and can be treated indirect exposure to relatively low temperature. Recovery can be made after a day in the cold environment.
You can usually see with the sportspersons when heat level is higher than 30 degrees, sometimes failed to deliver his full performance and struggle during a session or feel pain the muscles. It occurs due to excessive mineral loss in the form of sweating and breathing. It is treated when an extra electrolyte is taken with the water balances the need of salts in the body. Usually occurs due to loss of a large number of minerals from the body.
Heat exhaustion is generally caused due to loss of excessive minerals and water from the body. Some signs and symptoms like heavy sweating, weakness, vision loss, thirst, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and, muscle cramps. Recovery occurs only consuming electrolytes and other hydrating drinks.
It is considered as the most dangerous heat illness among all because it can cause partial and full consciousness. Heatstroke occurs when the external temperature is greater than 40 degrees C when people feel excess heat during physical activities. It happens when the body is continuously sweating during physical activities. It needs immediate aid to avoid serious health issues.
Common symptoms of excess environmental heat
- Nausea and irritability
- Thirst and dry skin
- Headache and irritation
- Muscle cramps and weakness
- Fatigue and heavy sweating
Some first aid for excessive heat exposures
- Immediately exposure to cold temperature
- Consume electrolyte as much as possible
- Apply cool cloths on the head and rinse face
- Try to remove clothes as possible
If someone has heat illness, they should avoid excess physical activities during sunny days and reduce direct exposure to the sun. To avoid excess heat at home you can use an air conditioner at home. AC Care India offers you great deal for various kinds of air conditioner. Consume a large amount of pure water and electrolytes during summer. Always carry a water bottle during the summer season and keep hydrated as much as you can. Heat illness may reduce when people keep these things in their minds and try to drink 4-5 liters of water a day.