Many states are legalizing cannabis for medical purposes, recreational purposes, or both. As a result, more Americans are using cannabis than at any other time in history. In 2018, 15.9% of the population in the US used cannabis.
The marijuana industry is booming due to its role in treating various medical conditions. Several research studies confirm that cannabis helps in treating a variety of diseases, including epilepsy, chronic pain, anxiety, and more. Predictions show that by 2025, legal cannabis sales will hit $23 Billion in the US.
If you are planning on using or growing cannabis, then you might find yourself stuck picking the right strain. Marijuana comes in different strains that produce varied effects on the user. Typically, you should choose a cannabis strain that adapts to your geographical area for it to do well.
In this article, we go through everything you need to know when choosing the right strain for outdoor cultivation.
Different Cannabis Strains
There are two main cannabis strains; Sativa and Indica. The other strain is the hybrid, which is a cross of the two strains. Hybrids are very potent because they contain the therapeutic properties found in both strains. The strains are suitable for growing in different climates based on their genetic composition.
The strain's genetics determines its flower structure, which enables it to survive in the prevailing environmental conditions. Remember, the goal of farming is to get quality products like what the shop at Getkush offers. So, pick a strain that best suits your climate for good yields and quality cannabis products that deliver the desired effect.
Cannabis sativa thrives in hot and dry climates like in Southeast Asia, Central America, and Africa. The plant has thin finger-like leaves and is tall. The Sativa strain has high amounts of THC and low amounts of CBD.
It allows you to enjoy the healing properties without causing excess sedation, which makes it suitable if you need something you can take and go about your work. Sativa is also an incredible option if you want to enhance your creativity, boost your energy, or fight depression.
Some of the conditions that Sativa can help manage are chronic pain, migraines, glaucoma symptoms, low appetite, and nausea.
Cannabis Indica is a native plant to Turkey, Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan. It adapts well to dry, turbulent, and harsh climates. The plant has chunky wide-growing leaves and is short and bushy. Indica has higher amounts of CBD and less amount of THC. Because of their high sedative effects, the Indica strain is a suitable option if you need to relax or sleep better. It can relieve symptoms of conditions like arthritis, chronic pain, anxiety, Parkinson's, and insomnia.
How to Pick the Right Cannabis Strain According to Climate?
While cannabis has a range of benefits, not all strains are equal. Some are better than others in delivering the desired effect. This is why it's essential that you research which strains are suitable for growing in your area. The strain that you choose will dictate the performance of the plant.
Here are some of the factors to consider when picking the right strain:
The light intensity reduces the further you are from the equator. This means that cannabis plants will have fewer lumens, unlike their tropical and temperate counterparts. Considering that cannabinoid and THC production mainly depends on the light intensity, you need to grow cannabis strains that will do well with the light intensity available in your area.
Cannabis does well in warm climatic regions that receive plenty of sunshine. So, if you live in such a region, then you have plenty of options. Here are some of the strains that are perfect for hot or dry weather.
- Power Plant Xl
- Northern Light
- Fruit Spirit
- Royal Moby
When growing, most cannabis strains need warm temperatures and slightly cooler temperatures when the flowering stage arrives. If the temperature is too low during the growth stage, then it might not be able to support many strains.
Cannabis growers in cool-temperature climates should consider indica varieties. While some cannabis strains cannot survive in this temperature, indica is perfect because it is more resilient to the cold environment.
If you are cultivating in a warm area, then Sativa strains are the best. Sativa strain thrives in temperate climatic regions and takes full advantage of the sunlight and warmth to perform better, giving you good yields.
The temperature has a huge role in deciding how effective the strength of grown CBD is. You must also keep the temperature in mind when you are growing cannabis to supply it as a raw material for capsules, gummies, etc. Being grown at the optimum temperature, cannabis can produce excellent full-spectrum CBD capsules and many other end products.
Here are some of the colder-weather strains you can grow:
- Early Skunk
- Frisian Duck
- Ortega Indica
- Northern Lights Autoflowering
Apart from light intensity and temperature, humidity, or moisture is another critical climatic variable to consider. The humidity varies in different locations due to variations in precipitation. Humidity tends to be high in areas close to the ocean because of the movement of water vapor to the land. If you are staying in a coastal climate or humid zone, then picking a strain that can resist mold and adapt to the condition is essential.
Here are some of the cannabis strains that adapt well to wet conditions:
- Landrace Strains
- Durban Poison
- Brazil Amazonia
- Colombian Gold
- Thai Sativa
If you live in a humid or cold environment, then cultivating cannabis can be challenging. But the good news is that growing cannabis outdoors produces quality yields. Besides, it saves you from extra costs in setting up a growing room with suitable ventilation, temperature, and light. However, choosing the right cannabis strain for growing in your region is crucial. You can try to experiment with a few strains as you start and identify which strains perform best.
It's evident that climate varies from one region to another. Therefore, the choice of strain you pick depends on the climate in your geographical area. Generally, most cannabis strains thrive in the Mediterranean like regions. Such areas usually experience minimal rainfall and warm to hot temperatures during summer. But if you are in an area with lower temperatures and more rain, then your choices of cannabis strains are limited.
The cannabis genetics determine how suitable the strain is for growing in drier, wetter, hotter, or colder climates. If you are in a region with cold fall temperatures, then you need a strain that has faster flowering periods. For this reason, understanding your strain's genetics is equally important as knowing the climatic condition in your location.