Keto diet and thyroid – Thyroid hormones affect almost every system in the body and have a profound effect on your metabolism and overall health.
Because of this, conditions such as autoimmune thyroiditis can cause symptoms that negatively affect quality of life.
Keto diet and thyroid
How can keto and low-calorie diets affect people with autoimmune thyroiditis?
In 2016, a controlled study of 180 people with autoimmune thyroiditis was conducted, with one group following a high-protein diet with a low carbohydrate content (12-15% of calories). In addition, this group has avoided zotrogen (substances that interfere with thyroid function), legumes, eggs, dairy and gluten.
The control group followed a standard low-calorie diet that did not rule out any specific foods for the same 3-week period. At the end of the study, the low-carb group showed the following improvements:
- Reduction of antibodies to TPO by 44%
- 40% reduction in antithyroglobulin antibodies
- Reduction of body weight by 5%
In contrast, the low-calorie group received a 9% increase in antithyroglobulin antibodies and a 16% increase in TPO antibodies, although both groups lost weight, the low-calorie group lost leaner mass and less fat compared to the low-carb group.
Avoiding foods high in carbohydrates and sugar can be helpful for people who have digestive problems.
In a study of 45 people, 73% of Hashimoto’s patients found signs of fructose and / or lactose malabsorption, leading to symptoms such as bloating, cramps, gas and liquid stools.
What Keto Diet Should You Follow If You Have Autoimmune Thyroiditis?
Keto diet and thyroid disease
Many doctors who work on a ketogenic diet recommend that their Hashimoto patients avoid a radical carbohydrate diet restriction of less than 20 grams per day.
Internist endocrinologist Broda Barnes, who has researched thyroid function for decades and worked with hundreds of patients, recommended a minimum of 30 grams of pure carbohydrates (total carbohydrates minus fiber) for people with hypothyroidism.
If you have autoimmune thyroiditis and you want a keto diet, it is better to avoid limiting excessive carbohydrates for long periods of time.
Avoid or limit foods
Avoiding or limiting certain foods can help reduce or possibly even slow the progression of the disease.
Because certain foods are known to have the autoimmune disease, removing them from the diet or drastically reducing them can potentially lead to an improvement in the condition.
Here is a list of the most common products:
Keto diet and thyroid gluten, in part due to a link between autoimmune thyroid disease and celiac disease, which is characterized by an inability to absorb gluten
Other grains, especially those that contain gluten, such as wheat, barley, and rye
Legumes, such as beans, lentils and peanuts
Many plants contain zotrogens, substances that can affect the thyroid’s ability to absorb iodine and inhibit the action of antibodies with TPO.
Goitrogens can be found in a number of healthy low-carb vegetables, including:
Keto diet and thyroid Paksoi disease
However, since they contain antioxidants, trace elements and fiber, it is not recommended to give up on this vegetable completely.
Fermentation, microwaving, steam or cooking these vegetables can reduce the content of goitrogens by 33-50% or more depending on the length of cooking.
Since iodine is essential for making thyroid hormones, having enough of it in your diet is critical.
However, extremely high doses of iodine can be harmful. In one study, it was found that some of the Danish children and adults who participated in conservative iodized salt programs were at an increased risk of developing autoimmune thyroid disorders.
The recommended dose for iodine is 150 mcg for most people and 220 mcg for pregnant women.
Keto diet and thyroid disease Iodinated supplements are controversial.
Although iodine deficiency is more common in developing countries, anyone can develop a deficiency. On the other hand, too much iodine can negatively affect.
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