The eyes are the most sensitive and important parts of the face. It requires utmost care and protection to prevent infection, ulcers, and diseases. Vision impairment is a very hard thing to live with, especially once someone has already had a vision for a prolonged period.
Keeping Eyes Healthy
To make sure that your eyes are taken care of in a healthy manner, here are some suggested tips and tricks to keep in mind:
- Eat healthy foods: Having a balanced diet filled with protein, fruits and vegetables are vital to maintaining healthy eyes. Some foods that help with eyesight include green leafy vegetables, fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, and deep yellow vegetables.
- Maintain your BMI: being under or overweight puts one at risk of other diseases such as diabetes that affect the health of the eyes and vision with disorders such as glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy.
- Exercise regularly: Keeping your body moving increases your mobility and helps control diseases such as diabetes or high cholesterol, leading to eye and vision problems.
- Wear shades: Wearing sunglasses or other kinds of protective eyewear such as UV light protection glasses or blue light protective gear also helps protect your eye’s health. Direct exposure to the sun tends to damage the eyes and puts one at risk of getting cataracts or macular degeneration that require surgery at a later stage.
- Take care while wearing contacts: If you are not careful while wearing contacts, it can lead to infections or ulcers in the eye. Ensure you wash your hands well before touching your eyes or the contacts
Eye Problems and Diseases
The most common eye problems include refractive errors (such as myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia), age-related macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, amblyopia, or lazy eye glaucoma, and strabismus or cock-eye.
The most common eye disorders are often related to the cornea, which is the transparent front-most layer that protects the eye from germs, dirt, and other objects that could damage the eye. The cornea also refracts the light that enters your eye and thus plays a part in the process of vision. If the cornea is damaged due to disease or injury, it could cause long-term or short-term vision impairment or distortion.
Here are a few corneal conditions:
- Keratitis: if certain viruses, bacteria, or fungi manage to make their way to the cornea, it often results in inflammation, commonly known as keratitis. This can also be often caused by damage or injury due to contact lenses.
- Ocular herpes: Caused by HSV I or HSV II, ocular herpes creates sores and inflammation in the cornea and, if left untreated, can spread deeper into the cornea and the eye
- Corneal degeneration: Often hereditary, this causes issues with the cornea structure and can be corrected with glasses at first but later need more advanced treatment.
- Corneal edema: Caused by excess fluid buildup due to the damage of endothelial cells, corneal edema is the swelling up of the cornea, which can subside after the usage of Bausch and Lomb Muro 128. It often leads to cloudy vision caused by infection, trauma, or surgery if not treated with hypertonic eye drops.
Eye Drops and Their Uses
There are various kinds of eye drops that have different uses and purposes. A few are listed below:
- Decongestant eye drops: These are used for res eyes as they shrink the blood vessels found in the white part of the eye.
- Artificial tears: These are the best cure for dry eyes as they artificially keep your eyes moist when your eyes cannot maintain the wetness on their own. Since it contains tear elements, it helps with lubrication and comfort as normal tears would
- Mast cell stabilizer drops: These eye drops are used for lubrication purposes by those who wear contact lenses to reduce discomfort and allow them to wear them without any irritation for longer duration.
- Hypertonic eye drops: This over-the-counter ophthalmic solution, such as the well-known Bausch and Lomb Muro 128, is prescribed by doctors for those suffering from corneal edema or the swelling up of the cornea. It draws out the excess fluid from the endothelial cells.
- Allergy eye drops: This varies on a case-to-case basis and should only be taken according to a consulted doctor’s opinion and prescription. Some of these include anti-inflammatory eye drops, antihistamine eye drops, drops for pink eye, and eye drops for discharge or swelling.
Apart from ophthalmic solutions and hypertonic eye drops, certain eye diseases and infections are cured using eye ointments such as Bacitracin, Erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Gentamicin, and Tobramycin. Some of the common eye infections that they treat include conjunctivitis, keratitis, blepharitis, and uveitis.